The following article outlines how Members and guests can interpret and follow Glenelg Golf Club’s local rules when out on the course. Please use this in conjunction with the Local Rules on the back of scorecards.
For your convenience, this is available within the Glenelg Golf Club app.
When you are taking either free or penalty relief your ball must be dropped in a Relief Area; except when taking relief from an embedded lie in the earth face of a bunker or at a dropping stake.
A Relief Area will always be a semi-circle or smaller segment of a circle, of radius either one or two club-lengths depending on the circumstances, and no part of the relief area can be closer to the hole than the reference point.
Examples of Relief Areas:
Out of Bounds (OOB)
The boundary of the course is marked by a combination of:
- cyclone wire perimeter fence;
- housing fences;
- brush fence at the 9th and 16th tees;
- the net at the southern end of the practice range; and
- black-topped white stakes.
The course boundary has recently been revised to exclude the following two areas:
The actual boundary is the line between the inner-most edge of the stakes or fence posts at ground level.
In order for your ball to be out of bounds, the whole of it must be beyond the OOB line.
If your ball is out of bounds you must either return to play another ball from the point where you last played and incur a one stroke penalty or if you have played a provisional ball, that ball becomes the ‘ball in play’ and you lie three strokes.
Another way of thinking of this is – if you hit your ball out of bounds, you incur a penalty of two strokes.
- Boundary objects are not immovable obstructions and free relief from interference by such an object is not available. If a boundary object interferes with your play, you must either play the ball as it lies or take ‘unplayable ball’ relief.
- Under no circumstances are boundary objects to be moved – the penalty for doing so is two strokes.
- Brush fences at the 2nd and 5th tees are inside the boundary fence and are ‘immovable obstructions’, from which free relief may be taken.
Areas marked with red lines and stakes are ‘penalty areas’.
If any part of your ball is inside the red line or is touching the red line then it is in the penalty area.
If your ball is in a penalty area you may either play it as it lies or with a penalty of one stroke:
- return to the place from which you last played, or
- drop a ball in a one club-length relief area as far behind the penalty area as you wish keeping the point of entry and the flagstick in line, or
- drop a ball within a relief area of two club-lengths from the point where the ball last crossed the defined margin of the area and which is no nearer to the hole than that point.
Note that when playing the 18th hole if it is known or virtually certain that your ball is lost inside a penalty area adjacent to the practice fairway and either relief option 2 or 3 is being taken:
- your ball must be dropped on the course – that is, inside the boundary;
- all or part of your stance can be inside the penalty area;
- all or part of your stance can be out of bounds.
Relief from a wrong Green
A ‘wrong green’ is any putting green or practice green other than the green of the hole you are playing.
If your ball is on a wrong green you must take free relief by dropping a ball in a one club-length relief area from the nearest point of relief to where the ball came to rest which is not nearer to the hole. This point must be one club-length from the edge of the green.
A labelled blue stake indicates a designated point of relief from an immovable obstruction or no play zone or other abnormal course condition (such as GUR).
When a dropping stake is present your ball must be dropped, not nearer to the hole, within one club-length of the stake nearest to the point where the ball last crossed the margin of the obstruction or no play zone or other abnormal course condition, even if that stake is closer to the hole.
When you take relief at a dropping stake there is no penalty.
A dropped ball which comes to rest more than one club-length from the stake must be re-dropped and if the re-dropped ball finishes more than one club-length from the stake, the ball must be placed.
No Play Zone (NPZ)
If your ball comes to rest in an area marked by black lines and stakes you must not play it as it lies.
If a blue stake is present – as is the case with the NPZs at the 12th fairway, for example – you must drop your ball within one club-length of that stake, no nearer to the hole.
If more than one blue stake is present – as is the case with the Western carpark when playing from the 1st and 7th tees, and between the 17th fairway and 16th green – you must drop your ball within one club-length of the nearest stake to the point where your ball last entered the no play zone, even if the stake is closer to the hole.
If there is no blue stake present you must drop your ball in a one club-length relief area measured from the nearest point from which the ball lies which provides you with complete relief from interference by the zone to both the lie of your ball and your stance. If your ball is lost in this area, the reference point is the place where your ball last crossed the margin of the zone.
Note that the clubhouse/maintenance area is a No Play Zone.
Young Trees, shrubs and grasses
To protect a newly planted or protected plant which has a stake or guard and the plant interferes with your stance or your intended swing, you must not play the ball but must drop a ball within a one club-length relief area taken from the nearest point, which is not nearer to the hole, so that there is complete relief from the plant. This means that if you touch the plant in any way in the course of making your stroke you incur a two stroke penalty, for playing from the wrong place.
If your ball is embedded in the earth/sod face of a bunker you are entitled to free relief by dropping a ball outside of the bunker as near as possible to the position where it lay, but not nearer to the hole.
Note that in this instance you are not entitled to take one club-length relief, even if the nearest point of relief places your ball in a difficult position.
Immovable Obstruction Close to the Putting Green
Normally relief from a sprinkler head or drainage grate is only available if it interferes with your lie, stance or swing. However, if a sprinkler head or drainage grate which is within two club-lengths of a green interferes with the line of play for your ball which lies within two club-lengths of the obstruction, you may drop a ball at the nearest point where the obstruction does not interfere with your line of play, without penalty.
Tree Roots In Areas cut to fairway height
If tree roots on a part of the course cut to fairway height or less interfere with the lie of the ball or with your intended swing you may take free relief by dropping your ball within one club-length, not nearer to the hole, where there is no interference.
You may take reasonable action prior to playing your stroke to test whether tree roots are present.
Note that you cannot take relief if the root interferes with your stance only.
The following are designated immovable obstructions, and must not be moved before playing your shot, even if it is physically possible to do so:
- All items of watering equipment;
- All signs;
- Drainage grates;
- Fences other than boundary fences;
- The western carpark (the Eastern carpark is out of bounds);
- Stakes defining penalty areas (red), no play zones (black), drop zones (blue), ground under repair (white); and
- Paved surfaces, quarry sand paths, areas of plastic matting installed for the purpose of turf preservation.
If you move one of these designated ‘immovable obstructions’ before playing your stroke you incur a two stroke penalty for breaching a local rule. However, if you replace the object before playing your stroke, you are not penalised.
Note that the reason for designating some objects as immovable obstructions, even though they can be easily moved, is that these objects define the course conditions and if they are moved it could be unfair to following players.
Note that all stakes apart from those listed above are movable obstructions.
Except when your ball is in a penalty area, if your ball comes to rest so that there is interference to the lie of your ball, your stance or your swing by an immovable obstruction, you may take free relief.
In taking relief:
- If there is a blue stakes(s) near the obstruction you must drop a ball within one club-length of the stake nearest to the point where your ball crossed the margin of the obstruction, even if that stake is nearer to the hole, or
- If there is no stake(s) present you must drop your ball within a one club-length relief area taken from the point where your ball lies so that you get complete relief from interference to your stance or swing.
If when playing your stroke your stance or club touches the obstruction you will incur a two stroke penalty, for playing from the wrong place.
Painted Lines or Dots
If your ball comes to rest on a painted line or dot in a part of the course cut to fairway height or on a putting green, you may take free relief from interference to your lie or swing by dropping your ball in a one club-length relief area taken from the nearest point, not nearer to the hole, where there is no interference.
Note that if there is inference to your stance only, then there is no relief and you must play the ball as it lies.
When a ball comes to rest within the spray zone of a strip sprinkler hose, free relief may be taken by dropping a ball within a one club-length relief area whose point of reference is the nearest point of complete relief from the place where the ball entered into the spray zone.
Note: This Local Rule does not apply to fixed irrigation equipment or to a hose which is not in operation, which are both covered by Rule 16.1